ACT? CBT? What different counselling types are there?
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is one of the well known counselling types that focus on how we respond to our feelings and thoughts. You can actually choose how to respond to thoughts, feelings and situations if you identify feelings and allow those feelings to overwhelm and then pass by. Meditation and Buddhism are very similar methods. Most feeling only last 8 seconds but avoiding, distracting, minimising means they keep returning and so we become stuck.
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is also one of the better known counselling types with lots of research proving its 70% effectiveness. It focuses on training your mind to deal with situations better by finding out our irrational thoughts.
We all have irrational thoughts about how life should be and often its not! For example, as children we have a strong belief that life should be fair. While we like to work for fairness even as adults its common for life to be unfair. Getting angry and stuck about it just makes life more difficult. Rational thinking teaches a more flexible an adaptive approach.
By looking at your thinking, feelings and behaviour in a rational way you can then make better choices, have better control balance or behave differently in a situation.
Google “10 irrational beliefs” and you will see how many you have, and there 10 rational alternatives.
Psychotherapy and Inner Child work are counselling types that focus on the early childhood especially deep emotional issues of abuse, neglect and abandonment. Just focus on yourself as a small child when you were unhappy and the issues can be identified. Then you the adult can talk to that child and help their feelings. You cant change the facts of the past but you can HEAL the past and not have it effecting the present.
Feeling alone or not understood or not close to anyone is very damaging and increases the chances of suicide, risky behaviours and self harm.
These factors have profound effects on child development and contribute to borderline personality disorder, obsessive/compulsive disorder, depression and self harm/suicide.